Six-Day War


Six-Day War
(1967)
   In mid-May 1967, Egypt proclaimed a state of emergency, mobilized its army, and moved troops across the Sinai Peninsula toward the border with Israel. President Gamal Abdul Nasser requested the removal of the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) from much of the Egypt-Israel frontier, and United Nations secretary general U Thant immediately complied. The UNEF positions were then manned by contingents of the Egyptian armed forces and the Palestine Liberation Organization. Egyptian and Israeli forces faced each other with no buffer, and Nasser announced that the Strait of Tiran would be closed to Israeli shipping and strategic cargoes bound for Israel's port of Eilat (in explicit violation of the commitment to keep the strait open to Israel made by the Eisenhower administration upon Israel's withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula after the Sinai War of 1956). Israel regarded these actions as a casus belli, illegal, and aggressive.
   On 30 May 1967, Jordan entered into a defense pact with Syria and Egypt, and Iraqi troops were stationed along the Israel-Jordan front. In response to the failure of the international community to take any tangible action to support its position in the developing crisis, Israel decided to act on its own. It created a "wall to wall" domestic political coalition (excluding the Communists) in a Government of National Unity, and Moshe Dayan became the defense minister. On 5 June 1967, Israel launched a preemptive strike against the Egyptian air force and bases in Sinai and Egypt proper. The war was broadened after Jordan and Syria joined in the conflict, initiating their participation by respectively shelling Israeli positions in Jerusalem and from the Golan Heights. Israel decisively defeated Egypt, Jordan, Syria, and their allies and in six days radically transformed the strategic landscape of the Middle East: Israel was in control of territories stretching from the Golan Heights in the north to Sharm el-Sheikh in the Sinai Peninsula and from the Suez Canal to the Jordan River. The territories included the Sinai Peninsula; the Gaza Strip; the West Bank, referred to by Israel as Judea and Samaria; the Golan Heights; and East Jerusalem, including the holy old city.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SIX-DAY WAR — SIX DAY WAR, the war between Israel and egypt , jordan , syria , and iraq that lasted from June 5 to June 10, 1967, and in the course of which Israel routed the threatening Arab armies and occupied the Sinai Peninsula, the West Bank (Judea and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Six-Day War — Part of the Arab–Israeli conflict …   Wikipedia

  • Six-Day War — noun tension between Arabs and Israeli erupted into a brief war in June 1967; Israel emerged as a major power in the Middle East • Syn: ↑Arab Israeli War, ↑Six Day War • Regions: ↑Middle East, ↑Mideast, ↑Near East • Instance Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Six Day War — noun tension between Arabs and Israeli erupted into a brief war in June 1967; Israel emerged as a major power in the Middle East • Syn: ↑Arab Israeli War, ↑Six Day War • Regions: ↑Middle East, ↑Mideast, ↑Near East • Instance Hypernyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Six Day War — war on June 1967 which lasted for 6 days between Israel and the surrounding Arab countries …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Six-Day War — /siks day / a war fought in June, 1967, between Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria, in which Israel captured large tracts of Arab territory. * * * or Arab Israeli War of 1967 War between Israel and the Arab countries of …   Universalium

  • Six-Day War — /sɪks deɪ ˈwɔ/ (say siks day waw) noun a war fought for six days in June 1967 in which Israel defeated Egypt, Jordan and Syria and occupied the Gaza Strip, the Sinai, Jerusalem, the West Bank of the Jordan and the Golan Heights …   Australian English dictionary

  • Six-Day War — June 5–10,1967, war between Israel and Arab forces …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Controversies relating to the Six-Day War — The Six Day War was fought between June 5 and June 10, 1967, by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt [known then as the United Arab Republic (UAR)], Jordan, and Syria. The war began with a large scale surprise air strike by Israel on Egypt… …   Wikipedia

  • Origins of the Six-Day War — The Origins of the Six Day War, which was fought between June 5 and June 10, 1967, by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt [known then as the United Arab Republic (UAR)], Jordan, and Syria, lay in both longer term and immediate issues. The… …   Wikipedia


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